Shutdown of theft and theft matters

Shutdown of theft and theft matters

Nowadays the police has the right to decline reports that cost too much money or impose imprisonment less than 3 months. Petit larceny is the same as theft but minor classified considering the lower value and other circumstances. The limits for petit larceny vary though normally up to a value of 1000 SEK.

It is difficult to predict the extent of thefts on the basis of statistics as many thefts will never be detected. Special studies concerning loss in stores have proved that only five to ten percent of all thefts have been detected and reported.

A school-age screening performed by Brotts Förebyggande Rådet (BRÅ) showed that every third ninth grader had stolen something last year .

By far the most preffered products to steal are everyday utensils that are of high value and easy accessible such as sweets, shaving accessories and batteries and much more (according to industry organization Svensk Handel)

In the year 2017 45.600 thefts had been reported to the police. In more than 46 percent of the cases only one case had been detected and reported to the police, the convict had confessed or a person had not been accused as in some cases more than one offence in the same context was associated.

It is significant that only half of all reports to the police are detected. And the proportion of perpetrators is extremly small so that it is not even listed in the statistics.

Furthermore the value of stolen goods is below the magic limit of 60 SEK which implicates that the crime does not have to be retraced..

What is written about it in the code of law?

The main rule according to 23 kap. 1 § stage of procedurer implied, that a preliminary investigation will be initiated once there is reason for a crime. The preliminary investigation serves the purpose of investigation whether a crime has been committed and who the suspect is. However, there is exceptional cases regarding duty of preliminary investigation. Such an exception is the regulation of the preliminary investigation in 23 kap. 4 a § (Annex 1). This states that a preliminary investigation will not be initiated or put down:

  1. whether the sentence of crime does not exceed three months imprisonment and further investigations would be included as well as carries high costs with it (a so-called disproportional case).
  2. whether you can assume that there will not be an indictment for a crime on the basis of regulations of action for an injunction (case of omission) or a particular accusation (case of accusation).